+ Do I Need a Forklift Certification?
OSHA requires that employers ensure an employee has received the required training and has been evaluated prior to operating a forklift or other industrial vehicle without supervision. Failure on the part of the company to ensure that all their employees are fully operating within the scope of OSHA regulations opens the company for the possibility of disciplinary action from OSHA, as well as civil or legal liability in the event of an accident by an operator who has not been properly trained, or who is known to disregard proper operating procedures and safety practices.
+ What kind of forklift tires should I get?
Pneumatic Think of these being just like your car tyres. They have tubes and are filled with air. Solid These tyres are generally referred to as Puncture Proof, and are a solid rubber filled pneumatic profile tyre Pneumatic tyres These are just like your car tyres, filled with air, and are made from thick wear resistant rubber. They are generally best used on uneven or rougher surfaces. Solid tyres/Puncture Proof A solid tyre, is now one of the most common tyres. Generally a pneumatic profile tyre that is solid. The great thing about these types of tyres is that they will usually last 2 – 3 times longer than pneumatic tyres, and being solid means they won’t get punctured. Cushion tyres A cushion tyre is a thin rubber tyre that is pressed onto a metal band. Generally these types of tyres are found on forklifts, that are used in warehousing or places with concrete flooring. The forklifts are designed in a way that they will have a lot smaller turning radius. Non-marking tyres Are exactly the same as solid/puncture proof tyres, but instead of being made from black rubber, they are made from white rubber. The difference being that the white rubber tyre will not leave Black scuff marks on a otherwise clean concrete floor. The only downfall with these types of tyres are that they have a shortened life span. Polyurethane wheels Are almost exclusively used on warehousing and indoor forklifts, like walkie stackers or reach trucks. They can range from a small castor wheel found on the front of a straddle leg to the large drive wheel on the back of a reach truck. Foam Filled Are basically a pneumatic tyre that is filled with a special resin. They can give slightly more cushioning then a Puncture Proof tyre on the forklift.
+ Do forklifts have to have seat belts included when they are manufactured?
Essentially, yes. Every truck manufactured after 1992 must include some form of restraining system with the purpose of protecting the operator from falling out of the truck if the truck tips over. A seat belt is one of the cheapest and most effective methods of doing this, so it is the most commonly used restraint system.
+ What about forklifts manufactured before 1992? Must they be retrofitted with seat belts?
Pretty much, yes. By OSHA standards, an employer is required to protect his or her employees from all workplace hazards, and powered industrial trucks like forklifts are widely recognized as workplace hazards. Thus, if an employer has been made aware of this risk and is capable of retrofitting a seat belt (or other restraining system) to his or her truck, it’s essentially a case of negligence if he or she does not do so. OSHA can write up an employer for this.
+ If the forklift has a seat belt attached, must the operator wear it?
Yes. If there is any form of restraining system on the truck (as there should be, post-1992), it must be used while the forklift is in use. This includes seat belts, regardless of how often the operator has to get on and off the forklift.
+ Is a nameplate required on a Forklift?